?
城墙是什么?_ag直营网|开户古筑_行业动态_看资讯_中国ag直营网|开户园林网 ag直营网|开户,ag有什么方法稳赢|开户,ag捕鱼王|首页
?
?

城墙是什么?

?? 日期:2019-10-05???? 来源:网络????作者:佚名????浏览:0????评论:0????
核心提示:每个人引以为傲的世界奇迹长城,每座古城老人们唠叨的曾经,每个中国城的千年护卫……这就是城墙。提起它,你是不是很熟悉,却不敢说认识呢?
?每个人引以为傲的世界奇迹长城,每座古城老人们唠叨的曾经,每个中国城的千年护卫……这就是城墙。提起它,你是不是很熟悉,却不敢说认识呢???

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">? ag环亚集团|HOMEntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214214 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">这群中国人曾经的守卫者联盟

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?它们到底是谁?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?一、何 方 神 圣 ???

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">????诞生期??????成长期???|???落魄期-??

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">|新石器~周代|

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城墙的诞生源于早期的人类聚居(距今10000年至2000多年)。早在新石器时代,各个部落为避免自己的领地被侵占,在聚落周围开始挖掘壕沟御敌。(记载于距今6000年的仰韶文化和龙山文化中)

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">由此可见

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">此时的聚落“围墙”其实是壕沟
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214224" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214224" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">壕沟防御

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">后来,随着生产技术发展,人们的聚落变为城市,社会关系变得复杂多样,壕沟已经不能满足防御需求。于是,向上堆起的墙体开始出现,城墙就此诞生。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">距今6000年左右的汤家岗遗址(今湖南省境内)

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">就有与壕沟配合使用的“土堆”

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214232 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">环壕土围

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">专家将其称为"环壕土围",这被认为是城墙的早期雏形,可见新石器时代城墙已经开始萌芽。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">??诞生期???????成长期???????落魄期-??

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">|战国~明代|

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">战国时期各国征伐,为抵御侵略,燕赵魏秦筑起各自的国墙。秦始皇统一后将燕赵秦三国的城墙连接,形成了举世闻名的“万里长城”。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">自此

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">防御墙体系大规模使用

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214245" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">长城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">汉代至唐代以前,城墙体系开始逐渐完善。到唐宋时期城墙设施已经规范化。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">小知识

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">《武经总要》、《修城法式条约》等书详细记载了当时城墙城门、瓮城马面、弩台、吊桥水门等防御设施的相应制度和做法。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">而到了元代,蒙古骑兵的自信无人能挡,对城墙又疏于维护了。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">明代时,朱元璋掀起全国建城浪潮,不管是长城还是城墙,均采用更加坚固、更加完备的材料和技术建造,此时的城墙建造技巧和规模已最成熟。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">???诞生期???|???成长期????????落魄期-???

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">|清~至今|

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">清代城墙新建逐渐停止,只对明代遗留城墙补修。鸦片战争后西方军事进入,冷兵器时代的城墙逐渐失去防御功能。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">20世纪初的高墙立在城市中,被人们认为阻碍了城市建设和交通,多地对城墙进行了拆除。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214257 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">1901年的北京城墙正阳门

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">至今,出现在我们眼前的城墙

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?是什么?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">二、他 们 是 谁 ?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">来认识一下

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">这群来自新石器时代的守卫者们

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">墙体

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214266 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214266 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">墙体是城墙最主要的结构

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城墙建造之初仅仅用土建造。采用一种叫“夯(hāng)土版筑”的方法,结合脚手架施工。这种夯土城墙,可千年不塌。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214273 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">汉代砖包土城墙开始兴起

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">汉代开始用砖将土城墙包砌,增强坚固性的同时预防雨淋。明代制砖技术成熟,且战争中多用火炮兵器,因此明代基本全都使用了砖包土城墙。(另外一些石头多的地方也会用石头包土城墙) ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214279" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">砖包土的平遥城墙

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">女墙

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214284 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">女墙指城墙上内外两侧高起的矮墙

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">内侧的叫宇墙,是为防止有人跌落建造。外侧的叫垛墙,古时称为雉(zhì)堞(dié)。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">锯齿状墙体是战时的挡墙,垛墙上的锯齿状缺口则叫垛口。垛口用来射击和了望,一些孔洞是射击孔。城墙内部不需射击,所以内墙上一般没有垛口。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214292 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">辽宁葫芦岛兴城城墙垛口

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">小知识:女墙为什么叫“女”墙

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">《辞源》中说女墙指的是城墙上呈凹凸形的小墙;《释名释宫室》说“城上垣,曰睥睨,……亦曰女墙,言其卑小比之于城。”意思是说古代女子卑小,城墙上的小墙因此取“女”与小的意思,称为“女墙”。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">宋代《营造法式》也有“言其卑小,比之于城若女子之于丈夫,”的记载。至今,现代建筑上的女儿墙其实就是古代的女墙转化而来。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">马面

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214303 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">马面是城墙外侧向外突出的方形墩台

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">马面用于在侧面了望和辅助城墙正面的士兵作战,也是正面城墙的支撑加固。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">个别城墙的马面上建有敌楼,两个马面之间的距离一般为两个马面上弓箭射击距离相加,这样确保射击没有空虚的辐射范围。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">小知识

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">沈括的《梦溪笔谈》有说马面:“予曾亲见攻城,若马面长,则可反射城下攻者,兼密则矢石相及,敌人至城下者,则四面矢石临之。”

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214313" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">平遥城墙的马面

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">马道

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214319 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">马道就是人或运输物料的马登城墙的斜坡

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">马道一般被设在城内路口等交通方便处,紧贴城墙向上,坡度可达15—30度。有时两条相对呈“八”字形,一座城墙马道的多少根据城池大小调节。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214325" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">1915年北京城东南角楼的马道 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214331" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西安城墙的马道

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城门

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214336 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城门就是城墙上的出入口

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城门是我们对城墙最深刻的印象,城门的位置和个数由城内外的交通、城池的防御环境决定,通常会在四周均开设。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">一座城有2~14个城门,城门处的城墙会突出一个城台,开设门洞。最初的门洞为梯形,宋元时期演变为券形,一个城门有1~5个门洞。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214343" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">故宫午门城墙的门洞

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">墙上的缺口自然是最弱的部位

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">因此自古以来城门的防御是重中之重

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">战国时,《墨子·备城门》提出悬吊式城门,在门上应钉木栈涂泥来防火。南宋的《德阳守城录》建议,城门设三道门扇,上方城楼设暗板,揭去暗板可从上向下投掷石头来增强防御。明清的城门为抵制炮火攻击,门扇均包锭铁叶,或有上下启闭的千斤闸,用以增强防御。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214353 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">广东潮州城墙广济门

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城楼 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214362" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城门之上的楼就是城楼,它既标志了城门的位置,又可以观察出入城的人,窥探敌情准备警戒战斗。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城楼建筑一般为1~2层,汉唐以前是门阙(què)形象,在城楼两侧有望楼。起初的城楼都是木结构建筑,随着火器的发展,明清城楼改成了耐火的砖石材料。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">北京城的箭楼和角楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">就是砖木结构 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214371" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">1912年的北京崇文门城楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">瓮城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214377 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?瓮城是在城门外建的又一座小城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">瓮城可以看做城门的防弹衣,敌人攻入瓮城门后,城墙上的和士兵就可以“瓮中捉鳖”了。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214386" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">清末北京正阳门瓮城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">瓮城的城门与正门不相对,多为向左或向右拐。瓮城的个数根据城池的防御环境确定,有方形、梯形、半圆形等。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">瓮城在汉代开始出现,宋代普遍化 ,发展到后期开始出现多种样式。比如南京城的中华门瓮城,一反常态将其设置在城门内,为了增强防御甚至有多重瓮城。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214394" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西安城墙的瓮城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214400" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">台风“利奇马”后的浙江 临海市瓮城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">箭楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214405 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">箭楼是瓮城上的城楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">箭楼朝外的墙上布有密布的箭孔,以为士兵设计的用处,这是城墙的主要屏障。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214413 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">北京正阳门箭楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">角楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214425 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">角楼是位于城墙转角的楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">在角楼中

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">可同时了望两个方向敌情

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">有的城墙上是不做角楼的,具体的形制根据实际的环境和战略需求不同。比如北京城墙的东便门角楼则像箭楼,可了望可攻击。而故宫的角楼则檐角精美,战斗功能次之。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">也有人说角楼之名,是因28星宿之一的角宿居住在内护卫城池,故名角楼 。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214436 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">北京城墙东便门角楼

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">护城河

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214443 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">护城河是围绕在城墙外的一条防御的河

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">护城河是一般城池的第一道防御措施

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">与城墙相互配合

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">高墙深道(城墙与河道)是修筑城池的目标。挖掘护城河的土也是城墙材料的主要来源,同时护城河水也是城内居民重要的生活用水来源。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">小知识

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">明代项中在《新开通济渠记》记载了护城河的重要:“城贵池深而水环, 人贵饮甘而用便,斯二者亦政之首也。若城池无水, 则防御未周, 水饮不甘, 则人用失济。”

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214454 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西安城墙的护城河

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">三、你 不 认 识 的 他 们

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">??

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">藏兵洞

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">藏兵洞多出现在瓮城城墙内侧

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">是城墙内侧的砖券门洞

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">战时供士兵休息和存放物资

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">对瓮城和城门的保护起再次增强作用

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214464 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">江苏南京城墙中华门的藏兵洞

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214469 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">湖北荆州古城北大门的藏兵洞

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">警铺

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">警铺是城墙上向外挑出的部位,底部挑空而悬凸于城墙之外。面积多在1.5平方公尺左右。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">警铺其实是马面的变化,功能相似,却更省材料。警铺结构只有极少数城墙上才有。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214483 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">江西赣州古城墙上的警铺

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">水关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">水关指河水经城墙流入城内的城关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城中需水,就要经过城墙引河入城,在城墙上给这条水特开的门就叫水门,水门上建城楼即为水关。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">水关不但负责引水,也有运输和交通作用。最重要的防御也要做好,因此水门的门扇用的是铁栅栏。历史上有水关的城墙也很多,南京的的东水关就是一座。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214492" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">江苏苏州城墙盘门水门

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">关城

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城池的修建结束后,用地就是固定的了,如何容纳越来越多的人就是个问题。因此有些百姓开始紧邻城门外居住,久而久之形成聚居。再修筑上城墙,这就是关城。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">关城不但可扩大城池面积

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">更是主城门又一个防御

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">??东南西北关城被称为:

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">东关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">南关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">北关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">???是不是很熟的名字? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214506" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西安关城图 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214513" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">扬州城东关

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四、城 墙 有 何 用 ?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">知道了这么多城墙秘密

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">想必你心里还是放不下

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">城墙拆不拆的事情

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">其实这么多年,城墙拆与留的剧烈争论,极大促进了我国城墙的保护工作逐渐变好。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">尽管保护中出现了许多问题,但我们现在看到的城墙景象,大多是因这么多年来对各地城墙的保护展示,才让我们有机会一睹源自一万多年前的风采。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214523" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">南京中华门的露天保护

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?城墙该怎么用?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">关于城墙的去留,其实70多年前

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">梁思成就已提出过利用的方案

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214533" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214533" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">梁思成的城墙公园方案

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">能看出当时梁思成的方案里,就已经有了城墙公园的概念:将一个人们认为的高墙,改造成一座人们可以观赏北京城,又可以休憩的综合环城公园。?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">如今快70年过去了,城墙也开始了新生。1983年西安城墙开始改造,现在变成西安人的城墙公园,跟着一句歌词火遍全国:

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">“西安人的城墙下是西安人的火车,??

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">??西安人不管到哪儿都不能不吃泡馍”

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西安的城墙经过修复与复原,与周围环境一同形成功能齐全的环城公园。在不影响交通的情况下,反而成了西安十三朝古都的骄傲。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214548 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">
ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214548 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">西安城墙公园

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">而在长江以南,南京明城墙作为京师级的城墙,同样也做出表率,城墙公园做的有模有样。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214554 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">南京城墙公园

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">毕竟人家可是

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">在城墙上看过世界杯的南京人

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214562" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">历史建筑的拆与留已成事实,我们普通人除了心痛还能做什么呢?建筑遗产的保护,从来都不是专家和从业者专属的工作。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">而是我们这有着悠久血脉的文化民族

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">??本该做的事情

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">保留的城墙不应该成为城市发展的累赘,一味去吞噬修补资金,正确的做法应该是去把这优秀的城市资源利用起来。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">历史建筑们也想

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?在闪烁光辉的同时,能够自力更生 !

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1570241214576 ql-align-center" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">我们虽然每天多多少少都与城墙打着交道

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">但却并未真正认识他
?
标签: ag直营网|开户
打赏
?
更多>同类看资讯
0相关评论

?
推荐图文
推荐头条
点击排行
?