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四合院的美,中国独有!

?? 日期:2019-10-14???? 浏览:0????评论:0????
核心提示:曲折幽深的小胡同温馨美丽的四合院天空中飞过的鸽子小院里斑驳的阳光四合院里度过的悠悠岁月是记忆中不变的温暖时光惊艳了无数人
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ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353685" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">曲折幽深的小胡同

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">温馨美丽的四合院

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">天空中飞过的鸽子

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">小院里斑驳的阳光

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四合院里度过的悠悠岁月

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">是记忆中不变的温暖时光

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">惊艳了无数人的快乐童年

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四合院,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四合院,又称四合房, 是中国的一种传统合院式建筑,其格局为一个院子四面建有房屋,从四面将庭院合围在中间,故名四合院。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四合院就是三合院前面又加门房的屋舍来封闭。若呈“口”字形的称为一进院落;“日”字形的称为二进院落;“目”字形的称为三进院落。[1]??一般而言,大宅院中,第一进为门屋,第二进是厅堂,第三进或后进为私室或闺房,是妇女或眷属的活动空间,一般人不得随意进入,难怪古人有诗云:“庭院深深深几许”。庭院越深,越不得窥其堂奥。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353712" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四合院就是三合院前面有加门房的屋舍来封闭。若呈“口”字形的称为一进院落;

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">“日”字形的称为二进院落;一般而言,大宅院中,第一进为门屋,第二进是厅堂。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">三进院落的四合院是明清最标准的四合院结构,布局最为合理、紧凑,是民间大量采用的形式。在大宅院中,第一进为门屋,第二进是厅堂,第三进为私室或闺房,是妇女或眷属的活动空间,一般人不得随意进入,难怪古人有诗云:“庭院深深深几许”。庭院越深,越不得窥其堂奥。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353746" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">总体格局 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353751" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">正式的四合院,一户一宅,平面格局可大可小。房屋主人可以根据土地面积的大小、家中人数的多少来建造,小到可以只有一进,大可以到三进或四进,还可以建成两个四合院宽的带跨院的。小者,房间为13间;一院或二院者,房间为25间到40间。厢房的后墙为院墙,拐角处再砌砖墙。大四合院从外边用墙包围,墙壁高大,不开窗户,以显示其隐秘性。从制式上来说,许多王府和寺庙也是按照四合院的布局进行设计和建造的。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">最小的一进院,进了街门直接就是院子,以中轴线贯穿,房屋都是单层,由倒座房、正房、厢房围成院落,其中北房为正房,东西两个方向的房屋为厢房,南房门向北开,故称为“倒座房”。四合院中植花果树木,以供观赏。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">两进四合院分为前院和后院,后院又叫做内宅。前院由门楼、倒座房组成,连接前后院的一般为垂花门,一些相对朴素的住宅则用月亮门,后院由东西厢房、正房、游廊组成。也有的两进四合院,例如北京茅盾故居,并没有垂花门隔出前院,而是在正房后加后院,建专供女眷居住的后罩房。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353755" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">完整的四合院为三进院落,第一进院是垂花门之前由倒座房所居的窄院,第二进院是厢房、正房、游廊组成,正房和厢房旁还可加耳房,第三进院为正房后的后罩房,在正房东侧耳房开一道门,连通第二和第三进院。在整个院落中,老人住北房(上房),中间为大客厅(中堂间),长子住东厢,次子住西厢,佣人住倒座房,女儿住后院,互不影响。这其中也有反映“男外女内”的中国传统文化哲学的影响。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">四、五进院的组合方式较多,通常为“前堂后寝”式。第一进院与三进院相同,第二进院是对外使用的厅房和东西厢房,之后再设一道垂花门,在厅房和这道垂花门之间形成第三进院,垂花门之后为正房和厢房所在的第四进院,是主院。如果后面还有后罩房,就构成了第五进院。还有的在倒座房北侧再建一排南房,而组成四进或五进院的。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353761" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">北京四合院最大的进深为两个胡同之间的距离,约77米左右,一些比较奢华的院落甚至还有花园和假山。规格高一些的四合院还设有厕所,这些内设的厕所一般都被安排到西南角,按风水的说法,西南为“五鬼之地”,建厕所可以用秽物将白虎镇住,从实用的角度看,厕所建在西南方适应了西北-东南风向,可防臭味在院内扩散。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353765" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353770" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?单体建筑 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353776" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">大门

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">大门又叫宅门,是四合院的主要入口,一般都修筑在整个院落的东南侧,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">以取“紫气东来”之意,?也有认为它占据八卦中的巽位,即风位,引进和风的东南风,挡住冬天的西北风,是吉祥之位, 体现“坎宅巽门”的原则。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">古人讲究“门当户对”,观大门,便可知主人的身份了。根据主人的地位、等级不同分为王府大门、广亮大门、金柱大门、蛮子门、如意门、墙垣式门(门楼)等。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353782" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353787" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">影壁

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">在进出宅门时,迎面看到的首先是影壁,影壁是四合院大门内外的重要装饰壁面,通常用于遮挡视线、美化大门、挡风御寒,由砖砌成,由座、身、顶三部分组成,座有须弥座,也有简单的没有座。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">位于大门内侧,呈一字形,称为一字影壁,独立于厢房山墙或隔墙之外的,称为独立影壁,在厢房的山墙上直接砌出小墙帽,并做出影壁形状,影壁山墙连为一体,则称为座山影壁。立在宅门对面的八字形影壁,则称为雁翅影壁。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353791" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353795" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">抄手游廊

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">在正房、厢房与垂花门之间,一般都有抄手游廊连接,进门后先向两侧,再向前延伸,到下一个门之前又从两侧回到中间。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">抄手游廊都是沿着院落的外缘而布置的,形似人抄手(将两手交叉握在一起)时,胳膊和手形成的环的形状,所以叫抄手游廊。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353801" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353806" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">正房

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">过了垂花门就是第二进院子,坐北朝南的正房是一家之主的居所,一般是三间或五间,冬暖夏凉,并配有东西耳房,耳房用作仓房或书房。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">正房的明间(即中间一间)称为堂屋,三开间的正房堂屋两侧是卧室和书房,通常在明间正中排放一八仙桌,桌子两旁设两把椅子,在墙上挂着一幅画和两副条幅,或挂四幅中堂画。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353811" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353814" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353818" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">庭院

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">四合院除了内宅、外宅的主要院落之外,还会形成一些小的院子,如正房两旁耳房前的小院,以及外院两侧被屏门隔开的小院。

ag环亚集团|HOMEseline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">内宅的院落中有正南北十字形的甬道,老北京的住户大多会在院子里栽上树,除了松树、柏树和杨树等因为多种在坟地而不能栽种外,其他各种树木都有种植,过去北京有民谚:“桑松柏梨槐,不进府王宅”,说的就是在庭院种树的禁忌。 比较常见的树木有枣树、柿树等,花木主要有牡丹、芍药、玉兰、丁香、海棠、紫藤、石榴等,在四合院内种枣树、石榴树寓意“早”生贵子、多子多孙,种柿树表示事事如意,种丁香、海棠,表示主人有身份和有一定的文化修养。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">此外民间还有养鱼的习俗,多用直径为60到70厘米的鱼缸养着各色的鱼并种着荷花,冬天鱼缸还能用来存放食品。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">夏天时分,天气炎热,还可在庭院中搭设天棚遮阳,老北京有“天棚鱼缸石榴树,先生肥狗胖丫头”的俗语,就是家住北京的书吏人家的生活写照。 ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353823" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">? ntenteditable="false" class="syl1571021353827" data-render-status="finished" data-syl-blot="image" style="box-sizing: border-box; cursor: text; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; white-space: pre-wrap; display: block;">

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">无论是在北方还是在南方,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">无论是王公大臣还是平民百姓,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">都曾住在大大小小的四合院中。

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">?

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">一个四合院,框一方天地,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">里面有四季轮回的雅致风景,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">里面有四世同堂的其乐融融,

seline; cursor: text; counter-reset: list-1 0 list-2 0 list-3 0 list-4 0 list-5 0 list-6 0 list-7 0 list-8 0 list-9 0; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); text-indent: 0px; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: center;">只要身处其中,心便能安定下来。
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